29. novembril toimub ühepäevane töötuba väärtushinnangute teemal, mis on seotud Francesco Orsi PUTiga "The Unity of Normative Discourse (2013-16)". Kõik huvilised on oodatud osalema, kaasarvatud iga õppeastme tudengid. Lisainfo saamiseks kirjutage Francesco Orsile: orsi [ät] ut.ee
29. novmeber 2016
Jakobi 2 - 336
10:30 Wlodek Rabinowicz (Lund University) "Aggregation of Value Judgments Differs from Aggregation of Preferences"
13:00 Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen (Lund University) "On Conditionalism--On the Verge of a New Metaethical Theory"
14:30 Töötoa lõpp
Wlodek Rabinowicz: Aggregation of Value Judgments Differs from Aggregation of Preferences
This talk will focus on the contrast between aggregation of individual preference rankings to a collective preference ranking and aggregation of individual value judgments to a collective value judgment. The targeted case is one in which value judgments also have the form of rankings. Despite of this formal similarity, the kind of aggregation procedure that works fine for judgments - minimization of distance from individual inputs - turns out to be inappropriate for preferences. Whatever measure of distance is chosen, distance-based procedures violate the strong Pareto condition. Which seems alright as value judgment aggregation goes, but would not be acceptable for preference aggregation, on the most natural interpretation of the latter task. Distance-based aggregation of value judgments might also be approached from the epistemic perspective: questions might be raised about its advantages as a truth-tracker. From this perspective, what matters is not only the probability of the output being true, but also the expected verisimilitude of the output, i.e. its expected distance from truth.
Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen: On Conditionalism—On the Verge of a New Metaethical Theory
This presentation explores a novel metaethical theory according to which value judgements express a certain kind of cognitive conditional attitude, viz., a belief that something is the case on condition that something else is the case. The aim is to reach a better understanding of this view. To this end, this work highlights some challenges that lie ahead. Certainly the most pressing one is to reach an understanding of the nature of these cognitive attitudes. It is suggested that the distinction between “dormant attitude” and “occurrent attitude” help us better understand these conditional beliefs.
Töötoa läbiviimist on toetanud Euroopa Liidu Regionaalarengu Fond (Eesti-uuringute tippkeskus), ning see on seotud Eesti Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi uurimisprojektiga IUT20-5 ning Eesti Teadusagentuuri grantiga PUT243.